Pediatric Long-Term Follow-up and Rollover Study
A roll-over study to assess long-term effect in pediatric patients treated with dabrafenib and/or trametinib.

Not yet recruitingPhase 4
MULTISARC is a randomized multicenter study assessing whether high throughput molecular analysis (next generation sequencing exome - NGS) is feasible in advanced/metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma patients, that is, whether NGS can be conducted for a large proportion of patients, with results available within reasonnable delays. In parallel, MULTISARC aims to assess efficacy of an innovative treatment strategy guided by high throughput molecular analysis (next generation sequencing exome, RNASeq [NGS]) in patients with Advanced/metastatic soft-tissue sarcomas. At the end of first-line treatment, participant's tumor profile of experimental Arm NGS (treatment strategy based on NGS results) will be discussed within a multidisciplinary tumor board which aims at discussing the genomic profiles and at providing a therapeutic decision for each participant. Participants for whom a targetable genomic alteration has been identified will be proposed to enter in one of the subsequent phase II single-arm sub-trial.

Not yet recruitingPhase 3
A Study of the Drugs Selumetinib Versus Carboplatin/Vincristine in Patients With Neurofibromatosis and Low-Grade Glioma
This phase III trial studies if selumetinib works just as well as the standard treatment with carboplatine/vincristine (CV) for subjects with NF1-associated low grade glioma (LGG), and to see if selumetinib is better than CV in improving vision in subjects with LGG of the optic pathway (vision nerves). Selumetinib is a drug that works by blocking some enzymes that tumor cells need for their growth. This results in killing tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and vincristine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether selumetinib works better in treating patients with NF1 associated low-grade glioma compared to standard therapy with carboplatin and vincristine.

Not yet recruitingPhase 3
Acceptance and Commitment Training for Adolescents and Young Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 1, Plexiform Neurofibromas, and Chronic Pain
Background: - People with neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) and plexiform neurofibroma (PN) tumors often have chronic pain that his hard to control. People usually take medicines for the pain, but they may not work well and might cause side effects. A new strategy called Acceptance and Commitment Training (ACT) may help these people cope with chronic pain. ACT focuses on things like values and living in the moment. Objective: - To see if Acceptance and Commitment Training improves pain coping in people with NF1 pain. Eligibility: - People age 16 34 who have NF1, 1 or more PN tumors, and pain that interferes with their daily functioning. Design: - Participants will be screened with a physical exam, medical history, and questions about their pain. - Participants will fill out questionnaires about their pain and feelings. Their heart rate will be measured via ECG. - Participants will be divided into 2 groups randomly. One will wait 8 weeks. - The other will start training right away. - Participants will have 2 two-hour sessions with an ACT trainer. They will learn techniques for setting goals based on personal values and other ways to cope with pain. They will get a workbook and a CD to take home for practice. - Participants will do practice exercises at home between sessions. They will get weekly emails with a practice exercise. They will join video chat sessions via home computer with their trainer. - All participants will return to NIH after 8 weeks for questionnaires and an ECG. The wait group will then start training. They will return 8 weeks later for questionnaires and an ECG. - Six months later, they will complete questionnaires from home by computer.

RecruitingPhase 3
Effect of Lamotrigine on Cognition in NF1
The purpose of this study is to determine whether lamotrigine can improve cognitive and neurophysiological deficits in adolescents with Neurofibromatosis type 1.

RecruitingPhase 2/Phase 3
Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors
This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05/10/2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10/17/2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03/30/2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual 04/15/2019) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual 04/15/2019) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual 3/15/2019) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12/19/2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09/19/2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06/27/2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12/22/2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03/15/2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02/06/2018) 35. Vulvar cancer 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09/26/2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors/extramammary Paget's disease 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma 41. Basal cell carcinoma 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell cervical endometrial cancer 46. Clear cell ovarian cancer 47. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 48. Gallbladder cancer 49. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 50. PD-L1 amplified tumors 51. Angiosarcoma 52. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 53). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible 53. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)

RecruitingPhase 2
Doxorubicin With Upfront Dexrazoxane for the Treatment of Advanced or Metastatic Soft Tissue Sarcoma
The purpose of this research study is to look at whether giving a drug called dexrazoxane with standard of care doxorubicin affects the progression of the disease. Dexrazoxane is often given at the same time as doxorubicin to help reduce the incidence and severity of disease of the heart muscle (which can be caused by doxorubicin). In January 2019 Eli Lilly and Company reported that the results of the Phase 3 study of olaratumab (Lartruvo), in combination with doxorubicin in patients with advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma, did not confirm the clinical benefit of olaratumab in combination with doxorubicin as compared to doxorubicin alone. Therefore olaratumab is being removed from the front line standard of care regimen. Amendment #9 was made to the protocol to reflect these changes to the standard of care treatment.

RecruitingPhase 2
Canadian Profiling and Targeted Agent Utilization Trial (CAPTUR)
Cancer drugs which target the effects of abnormal gene changes are called 'targeted therapies'. This study, called PM.1 or CAPTUR, will include some targeted therapies that are currently available. The purpose of this study is to find out what are the effects on a patient and their cancer when they are given a targeted therapy drug that is specific to an abnormal gene change in their cancer.

RecruitingPhase 2
Preoperative Hypofractionated Radiotherapy With Hyperthermia in Unresectable or Marginally Resectable Soft Tissue Sarcomas
After a screening, which consists of biopsy, physical examination, initial diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) or body computed tomography (CT) scan, blood tests and case analysis on Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meeting, a patient will receive the hypofractionated radiotherapy 10x 3.25 Gy with deep hyperthermia (twice a week) within two weeks. The response analysis in CT or DWI-MRI and toxicity assessment will be performed after 6 weeks. On the second MDT meeting, a final decision about resectability of the tumor will be made. In case of resectability, a patient will be referred to surgery. In case of unresectability the patient will receive a boost which consists of 4x 4 Gy with deep hyperthermia (twice a week).

RecruitingPhase 2
Hypofractionated Radiotherapy With Sequential Chemotherapy in Primary Unresectable or Marginally Resectable Soft Tissue Sarcomas of Extremities or Trunk Wall
After a screening, which consists of biopsy, physical examination, initial diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI), body computed tomography (CT) scan, blood tests and case analysis on Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meeting, a patient will receive the first course of chemotherapy - doxorubicin 75 mg/sqm and ifosfamide 10 g/sqm (AI regimen) with prophylactic mesna. Then a patient will be irradiated 5x5 Gy and after radiotherapy he or she will receive two courses of AI within 4-6 weeks, depending on the tolerance. Then the response analysis in DWI-MRI and toxicity assessment and will be performed. On the second MDT meeting, a final decision about resectability of the tumor will be made. In case of resectability, a patient will be referred to surgery.

RecruitingPhase 2
Targeted Therapy Directed by Genetic Testing in Treating Patients With Advanced Refractory Solid Tumors, Lymphomas, or Multiple Myeloma (The MATCH Screening Trial)
This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.

RecruitingPhase 2
Vinblastine +/- Bevacizumab in Children With Unresectable or Progressive Low Grade Glioma (LGG)
This is an open-label, randomized, multi-center, comparator Phase II trial looking at the addition of Bevacizumab to Vinblastine in chemotherapy naïve pediatric patients with progressive Low Grade Glioma aged 6 months to less than18 years of age at the time of initiation of therapy. Participants will be randomized to Arm A or Arm B. Arm A includes 68 weeks of single agent Vinblastine administered once weekly IV. Arm B includes 68 weeks of Vinblastine administered weekly IV with the addition of 12 doses of Bevacizumab administered every two weeks IV for the initial 24 weeks. Randomization will take place at the time of registration taking into account NF1 and BRAF-KIAA1549-fusion status.

RecruitingPhase 2
Evaluation of Lasofoxifene Versus Fulvestrant in Advanced or Metastatic ER+/HER2− Breast Cancer With an ESR1 Mutation
This is an open label, randomized, multicenter study evaluating the activity of lasofoxifene relative to fulvestrant for the treatment of postmenopausal women with locally advanced or metastatic ER+/HER2− breast cancer with an acquired ESR1 mutation and who have disease progression on an aromatase inhibitor (AI) in combination with a cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor. The primary objective is to evaluate the progression free survival (PFS) of 5 mg lasofoxifene relative to fulvestrant for the treatment of postmenopausal women with locally advanced or metastatic estrogen receptor positive (ER+)/human epidermal growth factor 2 negative (HER2−) breast cancer with an ESR1 mutation. The secondary objectives are to evaluate: 1. Clinical benefit rate (CBR) and Objective Response Rate (ORR) 2. Duration of response 3. Time to response 4. Overall Survival (OS) 5. Pharmacokinetics of lasofoxifene 6. Quality of life (QoL): Quality of Life (QoL): vaginal assessment scale (VAS) and vulvar assessment scale (VuAS) questionnaires 7. Safety of lasofoxifene 8. Response to various ESR1 mutation (Y537S, Y537C, D538G, E380Q, S463P, V534E, P535H, L536H, L536P, L536R, L536Q, or Y537N) 9. The presence of the following mutations from tumor free DNA will be documented and part of an exploratory analysis: 1. erbb2 extracellular domain mutation 5310; 2. erbb2 kinase domain mutations V777, L755, and Exon 20 insertion; 3. all NF1 mutations that are truncating, frame shifting and nonsense or homozygous deletions; and 4. KRAS (Kirsten RAt Sarcoma).

RecruitingPhase 2
SARC031: MEK Inhibitor Selumetinib (AZD6244) in Combination With the mTOR Inhibitor Sirolimus for Patients With Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
To determine the clinical benefit rate of selumetinib in combination with sirolimus in patients with unresectable or metastatic neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) associated or sporadic MPNST.

RecruitingPhase 2
Synaptic Plasticity and Cognitive Function in RASopathies
The project is targeting cognitive impairment, one of the main health problems of patients with RAS pathway disorders. The aim of this study is to translate findings of animal studies to humans. This has been done by the applicants successfully for Lovastatin in Nf1. This result will be transferred to patients with Noonan Syndrome. lamotrigine is most likely a more effective and promising substance improving synaptic plasticity and consecutive cognitive function. It is expected that both substances are improving synaptic plasticity as well as alertness and changes in alertness may be a precondition for improvement of cognition.

RecruitingPhase 2
Testing Whether Cancers With Specific Mutations Respond Better to Glutaminase Inhibitor, CB-839 HCl, Anti-Cancer Treatment, BeGIN Study
This phase II trial studies how well glutaminase inhibitor CB-839 hydrochloride (CB-839 HCl) works in treating patients with specific genetic mutations and solid tumors or malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Glutaminase converts an amino acid (building block of proteins) called glutamine to glutamate, which can support several cellular pathways. CB-839 works by blocking glutamine activity needed for the growth of cells. When this activity is blocked, the growth of cancer cells may stop and the cancer cells may then die. Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to genes that control the way cells function and uncontrolled cell growth may result in tumor formation. Specific genetic mutations studied in this clinical trial are NF1 mutation for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and NF1, KEAP1/NRF2, or STK11/LKB1 mutation for other solid tumors. CB-839 HCl may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Not yet recruitingPhase 2
Trametinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
This phase II trial studies how well trametinib works in treating patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

RecruitingPhase 2
Study of Aspirin in Patients With Vestibular Schwannoma
This is a phase II prospective, randomized, double-blind, longitudinal study evaluating whether the administration of aspirin can delay or slow tumor growth and maintain or improve hearing in VS patients.

RecruitingPhase 2
MEK Inhibitor Mirdametinib (PD-0325901) in Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Associated Plexiform Neurofibromas
This study evaluates PD-0325901 in the treatment of symptomatic inoperable neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1)-associated plexiform neurofibromas (PNs). All participants will receive PD-0325901.

RecruitingPhase 2
MEK 1/2 Inhibitor Selumetinib (AZD6244 Hydrogen Sulfate) in Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and Inoperable Plexiform Neurofibromas
Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a disorder that can cause plexiform neurofibromas (PNs). These are tumors that grow along nerves. Some PNs cause serious health problems. PNs often can t be operated on because of their large size, location, or number. There are no effective treatments known for people with NF1 and PNs. Researchers want to test if the drug selumetinib (AZD6244 hydrogen sulfate) causes PNs to shrink or slows down their growth. Objectives: To test if selumetinib helps treat PNs. To test how the body handles selumetinib and how it affects peoples symptoms. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with NF1, with an inoperable PN that causes morbidity or is growing Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history and physical exam Blood, urine, and heart tests Eye exam MRI: They lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. PN biopsy: A small piece of the tumor is removed by a large needle. Questionnaires Participants will swallow selumetinib capsules every 12 hours for several 28-day cycles. The capsules are taken with a full glass of water on an empty stomach. Participants may have only water for 2 hours before and 1 hour after each dose. Participants will keep a drug diary. They will continue taking the drug as long as they tolerate it and their disease doesn t progress. Participants will have several visits throughout the study. These will include repeats of the screening tests. Participants will have a final visit after they stop taking selumetinib.

RecruitingPhase 2
Photodynamic Therapy for Benign Dermal Neurofibromas- Phase II
The investigators wish to determine the time to disease progression for benign neurofibromas treated with Levulan Kerastick topical photosensitizer and red light photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The investigators also wish to measure tumor size for control and treatment tumors in order to gain insights into tumor growth rates.

RecruitingPhase 2
Treatment of NF1-related Plexiform Neurofibroma With Trametinib
This trial, Treatment of NF1-related plexiform neurofibroma with trametinib; a single arm,open-label study with the goals of volumetric partial remission and pain relief (EudraCT 2018-001846-32, Sponsor protocol number BUS2018-1, related Novartis reference number CTMT212ASE01T) is a pediatric clinical trial that investigates the potential use of the drug trametinib (Mekinist®) as treatment for symptomatic or likely to become symptomatic NF1-related plexiform neurofibromas (PN) in children between 1 year and 17 year and 11 months of age. Trametinib is orally administered qd at 0.025 mg/kg up to a maximum of 2 mg from six years of age and 0.032mg/kilo up to 5 years of age, provided either as tablets or as oral solution. It is manufactured and distributed by Novartis under the trade name Mekinist®. The primary endpoint is remission of tumor volume ≥20%, evaluated using volumetric MRI at 18 and 30 months of treatment. The secondary endpoint is reversal of pain from NF1-related PN, evaluated monthly with agespecific pain scales; VAS scale (from 8 years) or Faces Pain Scale (from 3 to 8 years). As an exploratory measure, the potential effects of the treatment on the cognitive function will be assessed using well-established tests such as WISC-V (age range 6:0 - 16:11), NEPSY-II (age range 3:0-16:11), and CPT-3 (age range 8:0 - adult). Cognitive dysfunction is well described in patients with NF1, and the MAPK/ERK-pathway has been indicated to be involved in cognition.

RecruitingPhase 2
Trial of Selumetinib in Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type II Related Tumors
In this research study the researchers want to learn more about the effects (both good and bad) the study drug selumetinib has on participants with neurofibromatosis type II (NF2) related tumor. The researchers are asking patients with NF2 related tumors to be in the study, because their hearing has decreased and/or their NF2 related tumor has started to grow. The goals of this study are: - Determine if selumetinib will stop NF2 related tumors from growing - Measure the changes in hearing after receiving selumetinib for 6 months. - Determine if selumetinib improves how participants feel (physically and emotionally) and how participants can perform daily activities. - Examine tumor tissue, if available, in a laboratory to see if NF2 related tumors have targets of selumetinib.

RecruitingPhase 2
Study of Imatinib in Children With Neurofibromatosis and Airway Tumors
The purpose of this study is to look at a subset of plexiform neurofibromas and determine if the airway tumors are more sensitive to imatinib therapy.

RecruitingPhase 2
Interventions for Reading Disabilities in NF1
Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a common genetic disorder that is associated with a four times greater risk of learning disabilities, including reading disabilities, and a deficiency of neurofibromin - a protein important in a signaling pathway that regulates learning and memory. Our previous work (NS49096) demonstrated that school-age children with NF+RD can respond to standard phonologically-based reading tutoring originally developed to treat reading disability in the general population. Combining our work with that by other researchers suggesting that a medication (Lovastatin) may counteract the effects of the deficient neurofibromin, and possibly ameliorate learning disabilities in NF1, the investigator propose to examine the synergistic effects of medication plus reading tutoring.

RecruitingPhase 2
Phase II Study of Binimetinib in Children and Adults With NF1 Plexiform Neurofibromas
This is a phase II open label study that will evaluate children ≥ 1 year of age and adults with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and plexiform neurofibromas treated with the MEK inhibitor, binimetinib. The primary objective is to determine if there is an adequate level of disease responsiveness to binimetinib in children and adults with NF1 and inoperable plexiform neurofibromas. The objective response to binimetinib is defined as ≥ 20% decrease in tumor volume reduction by 12 courses.

RecruitingPhase 2
Vitamin D Supplementation for Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1)
This clinical trial is conducted by one of 4 locations; University of British Columbia (Vancouver, CA), University of Utah (Salt Lake City, UT, USA), University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, OH, USA), and University of Hamburg (Hamburg, Germany). Adults with NF1 have a higher risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, a condition of low bone density that can lead to fragile bones and bone breakage. People with NF1 also have lower vitamin D levels than unaffected individuals. Vitamin D is important for normal bone health, but studies to improve bone health by vitamin D supplementation in people with NF1 have not been tried. The purpose of this study is to treat adults with NF1 who have insufficient serum vitamin D levels with 2 different doses of vitamin D supplementation to determine if vitamin D supplementation ameliorates the usual loss of bone mineral density over 2 years.

RecruitingPhase 2
Cabozantinib for Plexiform Neurofibromas (PN) in Subjects With NF1 in Children and Adults
This study, "A Phase II Study of Cabozantinib (XL l84) for Plexiform Neurofibromas in Subjects with Neurofibromatosis Type I in Children and Adults diagnosed with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and have a type of tumor called a plexiform neurofibroma (PN). Neurofibromas are tumors that develop from the cells and tissues that cover the nerves. Plexiform neurofibromas can be disfiguring, painful, and life-threatening. These types of tumors typically do not respond well to most treatment approaches such as chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery because of their slow growth and location near vital structures of the body such as nerves, blood vessels, and the airway. The primary objective is to determine the response rate of NFI patients with plexiform neurofibromas treated with Cabozantinib therapy using MRI scans. The objective response rate to cabozantinib is defined as ≥ 20% reduction in tumor volume at the end of 12 cycles.

RecruitingPhase 2
Selumetinib in Treating Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 and Cutaneous Neurofibroma
This pilot phase II trial studies how well selumetinib works in treating patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 and cutaneous neurofibromas. Selumetinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

RecruitingPhase 2
Selumetinib in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Low Grade Glioma
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and the best dose of selumetinib and how well it works in treating or re-treating young patients with low grade glioma that has come back (recurrent) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Selumetinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
PLX3397 Plus Sirolimus in Unresectable Sarcoma and Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
The purpose of this study is to determine if treatment with PLX3397 and Sirolimus will be tolerated and result in shrinking of the cancer or stopping the cancer from growing. In the phase I portion, the maximum tolerate dose of the study drug will be determined. In the Phase II portion, progression free survival will be assessed at the dose level found in Phase I. Participants will continue to take the study drug until they experience an unacceptable side effect or their disease progresses. Funding Source - FDA OOPD

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Dose-Escalation and Dose-Expansion of RMC-4630 and Cobimetinib in Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of RMC-4630 and cobimetinib in adult participants with relapsed/refractory solid tumors with specific genomic aberrations and to identify the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D).

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Trametinib for Pediatric Neuro-oncology Patients With Refractory Tumor and Activation of the MAPK/ERK Pathway.
This is a phase 1/2, open-label, interventional clinical trial that will study the response rate of pediatric glioma and plexiform neurofibroma (PN) to oral administration of trametinib. Patients meeting all inclusion criteria for a given study group will receive the study medication at a daily dose of 0.025 mg/kg up to a total of 18 cycles, in 28-day cycles. A total of 150 patients will be recruited as part of this clinical study. Patients aged between 1 month (corrected age) and 25 years old will be eligible, in order to include a maximum of patients affected by low-grade glioma (LGG) and PN. This study includes four groups: patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and LGG, NF1 patients with PN, patients with LGG with a B-Raf Serine/Threonine-protein Kinase/Proto-oncogene Encoding B-Raf (BRAF) fusion and patients with glioma of any grade with activation of the Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase/Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinases (MAPK/ERK) pathway. All patients except patients with PN must have failed at least one line of treatment. The study will also explore the molecular mechanisms behind tumor development, progression and resistance to treatment. Furthermore, this study will also explore important aspects for patients with brain tumors by including assessment of quality of life and neuropsychological evaluation.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Study to Investigate Safety, Pharmacokinetic (PK), Pharmacodynamic (PD) and Clinical Activity of Trametinib in Subjects With Cancer or Plexiform Neurofibromas and Trametinib in Combination With Dabrafenib in Subjects With Cancers Harboring V600 Mutations
This is a 4-part (Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D), Phase I/IIa, multi-center, open label, study in pediatric subjects with refractory or recurrent tumors. Part A is a repeat dose, dose escalation monotherapy study that will identify the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) on the continuous dosing schedule using a 3 + 3 dose- escalation procedure. Part B will evaluate the preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy in 4 disease-specific cohorts of subjects. Each cohort will enroll at least 10 response-evaluable subjects (evaluable for response is defined as a subject with a pre-dose and at least 1 post-dose disease assessment or clinical assessment of progression of disease). Part C is will be a 3+3 study design to determine the safety, tolerability and preliminary activity of the RP2D of trametinib in combination with a limited dose escalation of dabrafenib. Part C will enroll up to 24 subjects. Part D will evaluate the preliminary activity of trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in 2 disease-specific cohorts of subjects diagnosed with LGG and LCH. LGG cohort will enroll approximately 20 response-evaluable subjects and the LCH cohort will enroll approximately 10 response-evaluable subjects. The overall goal of this trial is to efficiently establish safe, pharmacologically relevant dose of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in infants, children and adolescents and determine preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in selected recurrent, refractory or unresectable childhood tumors.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Phase I/II Study of MEK162 for Children With Ras/Raf Pathway Activated Tumors
The main purpose of phase I studies in general is to determine the best dose ("maximum tolerated dose") of a drug, and to find out the most common side effects. The main purpose of the phase I component of this study specifically is to determine the best dose of the experimental drug MEK162 and to find out whether the drug is safe in children and adolescents with tumors that have grown or come back despite standard therapy. Another purpose of this study is to measure the concentration of drug in the blood to help understand how much drug gets into the body and how quickly the drug is removed from the body. Another purpose of this study is to determine whether MEK162 turns off the Ras/Raf/MAP pathway as expected by measuring this pathway in blood cells. Finally, in this study, the investigators hope to start finding out whether or not MEK162 causes different types of tumors in children to shrink or stop growing. The main purpose of the phase II component of the study is to determine whether MEK162 causes specific types of tumors in children and adolescents to shrink or stop growing. These specific types of tumors include low-grade gliomas, tumors in patients with a genetic condition called neurofibromatosis type 1, and other tumors thought to be caused by abnormal activation of the Ras/Raf/MEK molecular pathway. Another purpose of this study is for researchers to learn whether specific abnormalities in the DNA of tumors can help predict whether tumors will respond to MEK162.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Immunotherapy Based on Antigen-specific Immune Effector Cells Targeting Neurofibromatosis or Schwannomatosis
The primary objective of this study is to verify the safety of antigen-specific T cells (CAR-T) and engineered immune effector cytotoxic T cells (EIE) modified by immunoregulatory genes and immune modified dendritic cell vaccine (DCvac) in the treatment of neurofibromatosis or schwannoma.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
PLX3397 in Children and Young Adults With Refractory Leukemias and Refractory Solid Tumors Including Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) Associated Plexiform Neurofibromas (PN)
Background: - Some people with cancer have solid tumors. Others have refractory leukemia. This doesn t go away after treatment. Researchers want to see if a drug called PLX3397 can shrink tumors or stop them from growing. Objectives: - To find the highest safe dose and side effects of PLX3397. To see if it helps treat certain types of cancer. Eligibility: - People ages 3 22 with a solid tumor or leukemia that has returned or not responded to cancer therapies. - For Phase II, people ages 3 31 with a Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) Associated Plexiform Neurofibroma (PN) that cannot be removed with surgery. Design: - Participants will be screened with: - Medical history - Physical exam - Blood and urine tests - Heart tests - Scans or other tests of the tumor - Participants will take PLX3397 as a capsule once daily for a 28-day cycle. They can do this for up to 2 years. - During the study, participants will have many tests and procedures. They include repeats of the screening tests. Participants will keep a diary of symptoms. - Participants with solid tumors will have scans or x-rays. - Participants with NF1 PN will have MRI scans. - Participants with leukemia will have blood tests. They may have a bone marrow sample taken. - Some participants may have a biopsy. - When finished taking PLX3397, participants will have follow-up visits. They will repeat the screening tests and note side effects. - Phase II will follow the same procedures as Phase I above, but participants will also fill out questionnaires about their pain and quality of life.

RecruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Intermittent Dosing Of Selumetinib In Childhood NF1 Associated Tumours
Phase I and II study of the MEK inhibitor Selumetinib given twice daily on 5 out of 7 days in children with NF1 and inoperable plexiform neurofibromas or progressive/relapsed optic pathway gliomas. This study will test the early and late toxicities of selumetinib when it is given in this intermittent schedule (in 5 out of 7 days) and will also test the effectiveness of the drug in reducing the size of plexiform neurofibromas and optic pathway gliomas in children with NF1. It will also test the effectiveness of the drug in improving the participants function in day to day life.

Not yet recruitingPhase 1/Phase 2
Selinexor in Combination With Ixazomib for the Treatment of Advanced Sarcoma
The main purpose of this study is to establish a safe and tolerable dose combination (the "maximum tolerated dose") of selinexor and ixazomib when used together for the treatment of patients with certain types of advanced sarcoma. The study will enroll patients with advanced dedifferentiated liposarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, alveolar soft part sarcoma and Ewing sarcoma. Future studies to further evaluate the safety and anti-cancer efficacy of this treatment for sarcoma will use the dose combination determined in this study.

Not yet recruitingPhase 1
Ribociclib and Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcomas That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of the CDK4/6 inhibitor ribociclib when given together with doxorubicin in treating patients with soft tissue sarcomas that has spread to other places or that cannot be removed by surgery. Ribociclib may stop the growth of sarcoma tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving ribociclib for a week prior to standard treatment with doxorubicin may work better in treating patients with soft tissue sarcoma.

RecruitingPhase 1
EGFR806 CAR T Cell Immunotherapy for Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors in Children and Young Adults
This is a phase I, open-label, non-randomized study that will enroll pediatric and young adult research participants with relapsed or refractory non-CNS solid tumors to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of administering T cell products derived from the research participant's blood that have been genetically modified to express a EGFR-specific receptor (chimeric antigen receptor, or CAR) that will target and kill solid tumors that express EGFR and the selection-suicide marker EGFRt. EGFRt is a protein incorporated into the cell with our EGFR receptor which is used to identify the modified T cells and can be used as a tag that allows for elimination of the modified T cells if needed. On the first arm of the study, research participants will receive EGFR-specific CAR T cells only. On the second arm of the study, research participants will receive CAR T cells directed at EGFR and CD19, a marker on the surface of B lymphocytes, following the hypothesis that CD19+ B cells serving in their normal role as antigen presenting cells to T cells will promote the expansion and persistence of the CAR T cells. The CD19 receptor harbors a different selection-suicide marker, HERtG. The primary objectives of the study will be to determine the feasibility of manufacturing the cell products, the safety of the T cell product infusion, to determine the maximum tolerated dose of the CAR T cells products, to describe the full toxicity profile of each product, and determine the persistence of the modified cell in the subject's body on each arm. Subjects will receive a single dose of T cells comprised of two different subtypes of T cells (CD4 and CD8 T cells) felt to benefit one another once administered to the research participants for improved potential therapeutic effect. The secondary objectives of this protocol are to study the number of modified cells in the patients and the duration they continue to be at detectable levels. The investigators will also quantitate anti-tumor efficacy on each arm. Subjects who experience significant and potentially life-threatening toxicities (other than clinically manageable toxicities related to T cells working, called cytokine release syndrome) will receive infusions of cetuximab (an antibody commercially available that targets EGFRt) to assess the ability of the EGFRt on the T cells to be an effective suicide mechanism for the elimination of the transferred T cell products.

RecruitingPhase 1
Dose Escalation of RMC-4630 Monotherapy in Relapsed/Refractory Solid Tumors
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic (PD) profiles of escalating doses of RMC-4630 monotherapy in adult participants with relapsed/refractory solid tumors and to identify the recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D).

RecruitingPhase 1
Bevacizumab and Temsirolimus Alone or in Combination With Valproic Acid or Cetuximab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Malignancy or Other Benign Disease
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of bevacizumab and temsirolimus alone or in combination with valproic acid or cetuximab in treating patients with a malignancy that has spread to other places in the body or other disease that is not cancerous. Immunotherapy with bevacizumab and cetuximab, may induce changes in body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Temsirolimus may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as valproic acid, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether bevacizumab and temsirolimus work better when given alone or with valproic acid or cetuximab in treating patients with a malignancy or other disease that is not cancerous.

RecruitingPhase 1
Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor That is Recurrent or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of a vaccine therapy in treating patients with malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable) or has come back after a period of improvement (recurrent). Vaccines made from a gene-modified virus may kill tumor cells expressing a gene called neurofibromin 1 (NF1) without affecting surrounding normal cells and may also help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells.

RecruitingPhase 1
Transformation of Plexiform Neurofibromas to Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors in Neurofibromatosis Type 1
Background: - Many people with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) get tumors of the nervous system. Finding malignant tumors early is important for removing them. Researchers want to find ways of doing this with scans and genetic testing. Objectives: - To learn more about neurofibromatosis type 1. Eligibility: - People age 10 and older with NF1 who have a benign tumor or have had a malignant one. Design: - Participants will be screened in another study with medical history, physical exam, and urine and blood tests. They will have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. - MRI: Participants will lie on a table that slides into a metal cylinder. They will be in the scanner for 60 90 minutes, lying still for 15 minutes at a time. Participants will get earplugs for the loud sounds. They will get a contrast agent (dye) through a thin plastic tube (catheter) inserted in an arm vein. - As part of their regular care, participants will have: - FDG-PET/CT scan. They will get radioactive glucose (sugar) through a catheter in an arm vein. - [18F]-FLT-PET/CT scan. This is like the FDG scan but with a different radioactive chemical. - Biopsy. A piece of tumor tissue is removed with a needle. A piece of tissue from a previous biopsy may also be studied. - Participants may have genetic testing. Blood will be taken. It will be tested along with biopsy samples. Researchers will explain the risks and procedures. They may notify participants if testing shows health problems. - After this study, participants will continue their regular cancer care.

RecruitingPhase 1
EXOme Rare Cancers in Children (EXOCARE)
Other than high-dose radiation and previous chemotherapy, few strong risk factors have been identified as causes of childhood cancer. Geneticists estimate that 5 to 10% of all cancers diagnosed during the paediatric period occur in children born with a genetic mutation, increasing their lifetime risk of neoplasia. Such genetic risk is higher in children with congenital anomalies and specific genetic syndromes. Some germline genetic alterations are well known (e.g. P53 protein (P53), Neurofibromatosis type 1(NF1)), however many children with none of these mutations have clinical presentations that strongly suggest the involvement of a genetic predisposition. Comprehensive genetic testing for all such patients is an important factor for improving disease surveillance. Such opportunities are now available thanks to whole exome sequencing (WES). In oncology, an important clinical application of WES will be to routinely identify mutations associated with inherited cancer predispositions and to guide cancer risk-management decisions. Our project is a national translational multicenter genetics study aimed at identifying genes involved in paediatric cancer predisposition by WES in a very select population of children with both developmental delay and cancer. Our project relies on the TED register (Tumeur Et Développement), an initiative by the French organisation SFCE (Société Française de lutte contre les Cancers et les leucémies de l'Enfant et de l'Adolescent) involving 30 child cancer units in France. This database includes the information of more than 500 paediatric cancer patients with congenital abnormalities. The investigators plan to sequence the germline and tumour exome of 100 patients with developmental delay in a trio-design consisting of 300 people and 100 tumours. The investigators believe that the ExoCaRe project will provide answers to the genetic origins of certain particular childhood cancers. The ExoCaRe project relies on a genetic study to identify genetic risk factors for rare forms of childhood cancer and aims to establish more personalised treatment. It is aimed at improving genetic counselling for families and will be fully integrated in the genetic counselling process. The information provided by our study will be used to improve the management approach to an initial cancer by clarifying the risks of other cancers in related families. The investigators hope to identify new germline genes predisposing to cancer that will be of interest in understanding tumour biology.

Not yet recruitingN/A
Neurofeedback and Working Memory Training for Children and Adolescents With ADHD
The purpose of this study is to investigate if neurofeedback and working memory training improves core symptoms of ADHD in children and adolescents.

Auditory Midbrain Implant Study
The objectives of the clinical study are to implant five deaf patients (those with Neurofibromatosis Type II, NF2) with a new two-shank auditory midbrain implant array (AMI; developed by Cochlear Limited) into the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus in order to assess the safety, reliability, consistency of placement, and performance of the AMI device. The clinical trial is being performed at Hannover Medical School in Germany in collaboration with University of Minnesota (USA) and Cochlear Limited (Australia). The clinical trial is being managed by Hannover Clinical Trial Center in Germany.

Implantation of an Auditory Brainstem Implant for the Treatment of Incapacitating Unilateral Tinnitus
Tinnitus is the perception of sound or noise in the absence of an external physical source. It is a highly prevalent condition and for a high percentage of patients, there is no satisfying treatment modality. For some people, tinnitus has a very severe impact on quality of life, leading to incapacity for work and sometimes even suicidality. The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an implant indicated for the restoration of hearing in patients with an hypo-, or aplasia of the cochlear nerve or with dysfunction of the nerve caused by tumor growth in neurofibromatosis type II. It has been shown that the standard intended effect of an ABI has reduction of tinnitus as a welcome side effect in about 66% of the cases. This is in analogy with the promising effect of a cochlear implant (CI) as a treatment for patients with unilateral tinnitus. In this study, the effect of an ABI on severely invalidating, unilateral, intractable tinnitus will be investigated. The ABI may have an advantage over the CI as tinnitus treatment, because CI-implantation leads to destruction of inner ear structures, leading to profound deafness, while an ABI is presumed to not damage anatomical structures. This is the first study to implant an ABI for the primary aim of tinnitus reduction in an intervention pilot study. In total 10 patients with unilateral, intractable tinnitus and severe hearing loss in the ipsilateral ear, will be implanted with the ABI.

Comparison of Gastrointestinal Motility in Healthy Children and Children With Constipation
To gain a better understanding of the underlying dysmotility in constipation in children, we will use a novel minimal invasive method called 3D Transit. We will examine four groups of children aged 7 to 12 years: healthy children, chronically constipated children (ROM IV criteria), children with neurofibromatosis type 1 and finally children receiving chemotherapy (vincristin) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Vision, Attention and Reading in Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) Children
The present project will therefore focus upon those processes related to visual attention and perceptual abilities and on their potential to explain reading behavior and reading problems in NF1. The main objective of this study is to clarify the specificity and heterogeneity of reading profiles and the causes of its disturbance in NF1. In particular, this project allow the investigators to study more precisely the relations between perceptual, oculomotor and visuo-attentional skills in NF1 children and reading abilities. In addition, a new oculomotor/perceptual reading aid for NF1 children will be evaluated. The investigators believe that the early intervention for perceptual, visuo-attentional or oculomotor problems may promote academic skill development.

Not yet recruitingN/A
From Molecules to Cognition: Inhibitory Mechanisms in ASD and NF1
This study aims to investigate synaptic physiology and behavioral inhibition in patients with NF1 and ASD and to answer whether inhibitory deficits at these levels are modulated by lovastatin. Structure: (1) Visit 1: Baseline assessment- participant's characterization, baseline outcome measures and additional evaluations, (2) 3 consecutive days of physiologically probing drug/placebo intake, (3) Visit 2: Outcome measures and additional evaluations in the day after the last drug/placebo intake, (4) Washout period of 4 to 6 weeks, (5) 3 consecutive days of drug/placebo intake, (6) Visit 3: Outcome measures and additional evaluations in the day after the last placebo/drug intake.

A Single Center Pilot Study to Assess the Intra-observer Reliability of Measuring Muscle Strength Using a Hand Held Dynamometer in Children and Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and Type 2 (NF2)
Patients with clinically confirmed neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) or neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) or a known neurofibromatosis (NF) mutation aged 5 years and above will be eligible to participate and will be recruited from the neurofibromatosis clinic. Given the need for identifying measures that can reliably and sensitively measure focal muscle weakness and allow for measuring muscle strength as a functional outcome in therapeutic clinical trials in NF, this pilot study will assess the reliability of measuring muscle strength in NF1 and NF2 using a hand-held dynamometer.

Medication Adherence in Children, Adolescents and Adults With Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) on Clinical Treatment Trials
Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder. It has a broad variety of effects on the body. Up to half of people with NF1 get plexiform neurofibromas (PNs). These are benign tumors. But they can have serious effects like pain and disfigurement. To treat PNs, a person may have to take medicine every day for a long period of time. Researchers think that it will be important for people to take the medicine regularly for it to work. They want to study how well people with NF1 follow their treatment plan for PNs. Objective: To study how often people with neurofibromatosis type 1 take medicine that has been prescribed to them for treating plexiform neurofibromas. Eligibility: People ages 3-59 already enrolled in an NF1 clinical trial Design: Participants will need access to the internet to do the study activities. Parents or caregivers will do some study activities for child participants. Participants will complete 5 questionnaires. They will take about 20 minutes total. The topics will be: Demographic data Recent life events How much pain interferes with daily life Ability to focus and pay attention to tasks Emotional distress or depression Participants will mark down every time they take a dose of the medicine in their clinical trial. They will use a form the researchers give them. The pill bottles they get in their trial will have a chip in the cap that will record when it is opened. Participants will keep a daily diary of their medicine. Their pills will be counted at clinical trial visits. Participants may have more short questionnaires. They may have interviews by phone or video.

Resiliency Training in Adolescents With NF1 and NF2
This randomized controlled trial for resiliency training in adolescents with Neurofibromatosis 1 and Neurofibromatosis 2 via secure live video to determine the efficacy two stress and symptom management programs. Both programs are 8 week group programs.

Not yet recruitingN/A
Resiliency Training for Adults With Neurofibromatosis Via Live Videoconferencing
The aims of this study are to compare the effect and durability of two stress and symptom management programs tailored for patients with neurofibromatosis on quality of life and psychosocial functioning.

Efficacy of Computerized Cognitive Training and Stimulant Medication in Neurofibromatosis Type 1
The main objective of the study is to assess the efficacy of a home-based, computerized cognitive training (CT) program, called CogmedRM, targeted to improve working memory in children with NF1 and working memory difficulties.This is a Phase II randomized parallel group controlled clinical trial comparing two interventions on cognitive outcomes. Participants will be stratified by stimulant medication use and randomized equally between the two interventions within stratum. Participants will be in the study for to 11 weeks.

Clinical Sequencing of Cancer and Tissue Repository: OncoGenomics
Background: Saliva, blood, tissue, and cancer contain DNA. DNA makes the "instruction book" for the cells in the body. Cancer is caused by changes in DNA that affect cell function. Researchers want to test DNA of people with tumors. They want to look for genetic changes in tumors that could be targets for treatment. Because DNA can change as cancer changes, more testing may be done at different times. Objectives: To find the DNA changes in cancer that may help guide treatment. To collect samples and data to be used in future studies. Eligibility: People any age with cancer or a pre-cancerous tumor Design: - Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests. Participants will give a sample of their tumor. This is usually from a previous procedure. Participants will give a saliva or blood sample. They cannot eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum for 30 minutes before giving saliva. They will spit about 1 teaspoon of saliva into a tube. - Some participants may have a punch biopsy instead. A small instrument will take a small piece of skin. - Researchers will collect data from participants medical records. - Participants will answer questions about their family health history. They will also answer questions about their views on the study, including possible unexpected results. - Extra blood or tissue samples may be taken at other times during the participants' treatment. All samples will be saved in secure ClinOmics freezers to be used in future studies. - Participants will be told by their doctors if any test results affect their health or their cancer treatment.

Not yet recruiting
GIST: Assessment of Tumor Mutations and TKI Plasma Exposure
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) belong to the sarcoma group and are characterized by oncogenic mutations in the c-KIT, PDGFRA, BRAF and NF-1 genes that drive tumor growth. Since tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have become available, the median survival of GIST patients increased from 9 months to over 5 years. Consequently, this rare disease has become a role model for other targeted therapies. However, response to TKIs is extremely heterogeneous: ~15% of the patients experience no benefit from imatinib, whereas ~17% of the patients enjoy stable disease for over 9 years. Treatment failure due to primary and secondary resistance is caused in part by mutations in oncogenic genes that cause change in drug sensitivity. A new technique, using circulating tumor DNA, has enabled us to assess mutations in a simple blood sample obtained from patients on treatment, and thus detect new mutations early in the course of the disease. Also, differences in pharmacokinetic drug behavior add to the observed heterogeneity, and may cause resistance due to drug underexposure and thereby proliferation of the least sensitive tumor cells. This offers the opportunity to optimize and personalize targeted treatment for individual GIST patients by timely treatment adaptation based on early detection of secondary TKIs resistance mutations. Achieving this urgently requires data on daily clinical practice, including prospective serial mutation analysis and serial drug plasma concentration measurement. At a fundamental level this will also help to unravel the driving factors behind primary and secondary TKIs resistance in this model disease.

Familial Investigations of Childhood Cancer Predisposition
NOTE: This is a research study and is not meant to be a substitute for clinical genetic testing. Families may never receive results from the study or may receive results many years from the time they enroll. If you are interested in clinical testing please consider seeing a local genetic counselor or other genetics professional. If you have already had clinical genetic testing and meet eligibility criteria for this study as shown in the Eligibility Section, you may enroll regardless of the results of your clinical genetic testing. While it is well recognized that hereditary factors contribute to the development of a subset of human cancers, the cause for many cancers remains unknown. The application of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has expanded knowledge in the field of hereditary cancer predisposition. Currently, more than 100 cancer predisposing genes have been identified, and it is now estimated that approximately 10% of all cancer patients have an underlying genetic predisposition. The purpose of this protocol is to identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants. For this study, the investigators will establish a Data Registry linked to a Repository of biological samples. Health information, blood samples and occasionally leftover tumor samples will be collected from individuals with familial cancer. The investigators will use NGS approaches to find changes in genes that may be important in the development of familial cancer. The information gained from this study may provide new and better ways to diagnose and care for people with hereditary cancer. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: - Establish a registry of families with clustering of cancer in which clinical data are linked to a repository of cryopreserved blood cells, germline DNA, and tumor tissues from the proband and other family members. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: - Identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants in families with clustering of cancer for which the underlying genetic basis is unknown.

Multi-Institutional Registry for Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
First, the investigators plan to use a retrospective analysis to determine the clinical landscape of neurofibromatosis (NF)1-associated malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) and precursor lesions (e.g., atypical or nodular plexiform neurofibromas). A worldwide database will be established, collecting, in a standardized manner, histologic, immunohistochemical, molecular, radiographic, treatment, and related clinical data from centers worldwide with expertise in these NF1-related cancers. Although retrospective in nature, the resulting data from this registry may reveal previously unanticipated patterns, similar to the INFACT effort outcome. This registry would then allow the acquisition of data associated with MPNST biospecimens collected under associated banks (frozen or paraffin-embedded, germline (or normal tissue DNA) samples, and any previously somatic whole-exome or whole-genome sequencing data for aggregate analyses). Second, the investigators plan to co-register patients to institutional banks in order to prospectively collect MPNST samples for analysis. These patients will be consented in order to collect the above information and for banking of tumor tissue and future studies that include genomic characterization of the tumors.

Validating Pain Scales in Children and Young Adults
Background: - Assessing pain levels is important to improve treatments for different illnesses. Most pain rating scales are used to determine pain levels in adults. Pain is also a common symptom among children who have cancer. Those who have genetic conditions that may lead to cancer may also have pain symptoms. However, the pain scales used for adults have not been fully tested in children and young adults. As a result, they may not be as accurate. Researchers want to test pain rating scales in children and young adults who have cancer and genetic conditions that can lead to cancer. Objectives: - To study the effectiveness of pain rating scales given to children and young adults with cancer and related genetic conditions. Eligibility: - Children, adolescents, and young adults between 18 and 34 years of age who have cancer or other genetic conditions that can lead to cancer. - Parents of participating children will also be eligible. Design: - Participants with cancer or related genetic conditions will fill out four questionnaires. These questionnaires will ask about pain levels and how much pain interferes with daily life. - Parents will fill out two questionnaires about their child s pain levels and how much pain interferes with the child s life. - Pain treatments will not be provided as part of this study.

Relationship Stressors in Parents of Children With Cancer or Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1)
Background: - Serious illnesses like cancer or Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1), can cause high levels of stress in a family. When a child is diagnosed with cancer or NF1, parents face numerous stressors, each of which can strain relationships. Many parents struggle to effectively cope with the changes in parenting roles that often accompany treatment of childhood cancer or NF1. How parents cope with this stress can influence whether the relationship is strengthened or weakened. Stress levels can also affect the care of the child who has cancer or NF1. Researchers want to better understand the critical time points and events during the child s treatment when the relationship becomes most stressed and/or strengthened. Objectives: - To study how stress affects the relationship between parents who have a child with cancer or Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1). Eligibility: - Parents of a child (between 1 and 24 years of age) who has been diagnosed with cancer or NF1. - Participants must have been in a partnership at the time the child was diagnosed with cancer or NF1. At least one of the parents must be a biological or legal parent of the child. Design: - Participants will fill out a questionnaire either online or by paper and pencil. It will take about 20 minutes to complete. The questions ask about the experience of dealing with a child s cancer OR NF1 diagnosis and how it affects participants relationship with their spouse/partner. - Some participants will also have an in-depth interview. It will last about an hour. It will ask further questions about the cancer OR NF1 diagnosis and treatment and its effect on the relationship. - Treatment will not be provided as part of this study.

Development and Validation of Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) Measures for Individuals With Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) and Plexiform Neurofibromas (PNs)
Background: People with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) who have plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) can have pain that affects their daily lives. This study aims to improve questionnaires that measure their pain, daily living, and physical functioning. Objectives: To examine and improve questionnaires about daily living for people with NF1 and PNs. Eligibility: People ages 5 and older with NF1 and a PN Design: Participants will be screened with medical history. This study will have 2 phases. Phase 1 participants will talk about existing pain assessment questionnaires and how PNs affect their life. They will have group discussions of up to 8 people of a similar age with NF1 and PNs, or the parents of children with it. These will last about 90 minutes. Children ages 5 to 7 and their parents will have one-on-one meetings instead. These will last about 45 minutes. Discussions will be audiotaped. After the questionnaires have been changed, individual interviews will discuss the new wording, instructions, questions, and electronic format of the new forms. Phase 1 participants may be invited to Phase 2. Phase 2 participants will complete the new questionnaires. These may be pen-and-paper or electronic. The questionnaires will take about 30 minutes for adults and teens. Children will work one-on-one with a staff member and may need up to 45 minutes. A small group of participants will be complete the forms twice in clinic and 1 month later at home. Also, a small group who start a new pain treatment or have a dose increase in their treatment will complete the forms twice before the treatment change and 1 month later.

Natural History Study of Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type 2
This study will examine over the long-term the progress of patients with neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2), a condition associated with tumors of the nerves, brain and spinal cord. It will study patients tumors to learn how fast they can grow and if certain factors might affect their growth. It will also examine the effects of the tumors on patients abilities to carry out activities of daily living. People between 8 and 75 years of age with NF2 may be eligible for this study. Participants undergo the following procedures: Initial evaluation, including hearing and balance testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brain/spine and right upper extremity, nverve conduction study and electromyography of the arms/legs, blood tests, questionnaires, and physical and neurological examinations. MRI scans of the brain and spine every 12 months to follow the size and number of tumors. Physical and neurological examinations, questionnaires and blood tests every 12 months. Auditory tests every 12 months for hearing patients. These tests evaluate middle and inner ear function and the patient s ability to hear tones at different frequencies and to hear words at different volumes. The subject responds to tones and words that are delivered through earphones. Vestibular testing if the patient experiences changes in balance or undergoes treatment for vestibular schwannoma (a tumor that develops on the hearing and balance nerves). These tests check the function of various components of the balance system (eyes, inner ear, or leg and body sensation and muscles). They include: - Videoelectronystagmogram Tracks subjects eye movements while they follow moving red lights with their eyes. - Vestibular evoked myogenic potential Assesses subjects neck muscle movements in response to noise. - Posturography Determines which parts of the balance system the subject relies on most. Subjects stand on a platform and try to maintain their balance while changes are made to the platform and the environment. - Rotary chair test Subjects eye movements are monitored as they follow red spots and strips of light with their eyes while seated in a rotary chair that turns side to side at several speeds. Primary Outcome Measures : 1. To determine the natural history (clinical and radiographic) of nervous system tumors in NF2 Secondary Outcome Measures : 1. To identify underlying causes, and patterns or progression of speech and swallowing problems in patients with NF2. 2. To identify imaging biomarkers of hearing loss in patients with NF2. 3. To identify the etiology of peripheral neuropathy in patients with NF2. 4. To identify serum biomarkers of NF2 disease progression.

Natural History Study of Patients With Neurofibromatosis Type I
Background: Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder in which patients are at increased risk of developing tumors (usually non-cancerous) of the central and peripheral nervous system. The disease affects essentially every organ system. The natural course of NFI over time is poorly understood. For most patients the only treatment option is surgery. A better understanding of NF1 may be helpful for the design of future treatment studies. Objectives: To evaluate people with NF1 over 10 years in order to better understand the natural history of the disease. To characterize the patient population and to examine how NFI affects patients quality of life and function. Eligibility: Children, adolescents, and adults with NF1. Design: Participants have a comprehensive baseline evaluation including genetic testing, tumor imaging, pain and quality-of-life assessments, and neuropsychological, motor and endocrine evaluations. Patients are monitored every 6 months to every 3 years, depending on their individual findings at the baseline study. Tests may include the following, as appropriate: - Medical history, physical examination and blood tests. - Whole body and face photography to monitor visible deformities. - Neuropsychological testing, quality-of-life evaluations, motor function tests, endocrinologic evaluations, heart and lung function tests, hearing tests, bone density scans and other bone evaluations. - MRI and PET scans to detect and assess plexiform neurofibromas (tumors that arise from nerves and can cause serious problems), paraspinal neurofibromas (tumors that arise from nerves around the spine and can cause problems by compressing the spinal cord), and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (a type of cancer that arises from a peripheral nerve or involves the sheath covering the nerve). - Eye exams, MRI scans and PET scans to evaluate optic pathway gliomas (tumors arising from the vision nerves or the brain areas for vision) and the chemicals within the tumor and brain. - Eye exams and photographs to evaluate the development of Lisch nodules (non-cancerous tumors on the eye). - Photographs of dermal neurofibromas (tumors of the skin), cafe-au-lait spots (dark or pigmented areas on the skin that are often the first signs of NF1) and other skin problems. - Pain evaluations to monitor the different types of pain patients experience, causes of the pain, how often the pain occurs, effect of the pain on quality of life, and what pain medications and alternative treatments, such as acupuncture, are effective.

An Intermediate Access Protocol for Selumetinib for Treatment of Neurofibromatosis Type 1
This will be an open-label, single-arm, multicenter intermediate access protocol which provides treatment access to selumetinib for eligible patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) who have inoperable, progressive/symptomatic plexiform neurofibromas (PN) without any alternative therapeutic options. All patients will continue to receive drug while they are deriving clinical benefit. Approximately 100 patients in the US will be treated as part of this protocol

Cutaneous and Mucosal Manifestations of Neurofribromatosis Type 2 in Children Under 15
.Neurofibromatosis type 2 is an inherently autosomal dominant genetic disease, but cases of mosaicism or de novo mutation are not uncommon. the prevalence is estimated at 1 / 60,000. the clinical presentation is based on the appearance of tumors in the central and peripheral nervous system. The current average age of diagnosis is around 25 to 30 years depending on the studies. Currently, the diagnostic criteria are based on the ENT, neurological and opthalmological manifestations of the disease. Cutaneous manifestations have been described in these patients. Except now, mucocutaneous manifestations of the disease are not taken into account for depisatage or diagnosis. The purpose of this study would be to identify the different cutaneous and mucosal manifestations in a pediatric population under 15 years of age, and to analyze whether this might be of interest in early detection of the disease in association with other symptoms.

The Neurofibromatosis-associated Tumor Biobank
Neurofibromatosis-associated Tumor is very rare bone tumor. The investigator set up the biobank to ensure every patient has the chance to participate in future research

Not yet recruiting
Prevalence of Constitutional Mismatch-repair Deficiency Among Suspected Neurofibromatosis Type 1/Legius Syndrome Children Without a Malignancy and Without a NF1 or SPRED1 Mutation
Frequency of constitutional mismatch-repair deficiency among suspected neurofibromatosis type 1 patients without a NF1 mutation Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is a rare inherited condition. Individuals with CMMRD have an extraordinarily high risk to develop a malignant tumor in childhood or adolescence. Nearly all known CMMRD patients developed a malignancy within the first three decades of life and most often in (early) childhood. Since early cancer detection improves the chances to survive, these patients should be included from early childhood on in intensive cancer surveillance protocols. Typically patients are diagnosed with CMMRD only when they develop their first malignant tumor. Many children with CMMRD show already before the onset of the first malignant tumor clinical signs that may serve as a signpost of this severe condition. Often CMMRD patient show skin patches of milk coffee-like color, termed café au lait maculae (CALM), which are very typical for a different inherited condition named neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). NF1, which is much more frequent than CMMRD, also leads to tumor development. But NF1 tumors are usually benign and NF1 children need different, less rigorous, tumor surveillance programs than CMMRD patients. A child with >5 CALM is suspected of having NF1. However, if this diagnosis cannot be confirmed by identification of the causative genetic alteration (NF1-mutation), CMMRD is one possible, but presumably rare, alternative (= differential) diagnosis. Therefore, human geneticists and pediatricians discuss internationally, whether these children should be tested for CMMRD. Diagnosing CMMRD in this situation would allow offering appropriate cancer surveillance protocols to these patients before they develop their first malignant tumor. However, CMMRD testing in this situation may also cause difficulties. Genetic testing may for instance render an ambiguous result, which can neither confirm nor rule out CMMRD. Such a result would create great uncertainty of the appropriate management of the patient. It would be not clear whether intensive cancer surveillance, that may be very stressful for the patient and the family, should be applied or not. Such potential disadvantages of (with respect to tumor development) predictive CMMRD testing argue more against testing when the chances to identify CMMRD in a patient and consequently achieving a benefit for the patient are low. But currently the frequency of CMMRD patients among suspected NF1 patients without a causative NF1 mutation is unknown. It is the aim of this project to get a reliable estimation on the frequency of the differential diagnosis CMMRD in children with NF1 signs in whom the diagnosis NF1 cannot be confirmed. This information is needed to evaluate and weight the benefits and potential disadvantage of CMMRD testing in these children. To know this frequency is also important for appropriate genetic counseling of at risk children and their parents.

Not yet recruiting
Neurofibromatosis (NF) Registry Portal
The NF Registry is a database of patient-reported symptoms, treatments, and experiences with their neurofibromatosis disease. It is a contact registry to relay clinical trial opportunities to targeted patient subgroups, and to supply de-identified disease data to researchers. It has the potential to become a natural history resource.

Stem Cells in NF1 Patients With Tumors of the Central Nervous System
Objectives 1. Establish an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) bank for phenotypically well-characterized patients with NF1. 2. Develop isogenic NF1 wild-type (NF1+/+), NF1 heterozygous (NF1+/-) and NF1 homozygous (NF1-/-) iPSC lines from individual patients using CRISPR/CAS9 technology. 3. Differentiate and characterize disease-relevant brain cells such as excitatory and inhibitory neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes from patient-specific iPSC lines. 4. Screen and identify the drug(s) that can reverse or alleviate the disease phenotypes.